What is Information Technology? | SNHU

Man working as IT manager standing in a server room working on a laptop and the text The Meaning of IT.

From examining e-mail on our phones to crunching quantities on our laptops to arranging a teleconference over cloud-based mostly program, it is challenging to overstate the relevance of details know-how in the office. But what, just, are we chatting about when we talk about IT

Data Technological innovation Definition

The phrase “information technology” goes back to a 1958 report published in the Harvard Business Review. Authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler described a number of kinds of facts technological know-how:

  • Techniques for the fast processing of information
  • The use of statistical and mathematical versions for selection-producing
  • The “simulation of higher-buy thinking by way of computer systems.”

“While several elements of this know-how are unsure, it appears to be obvious that it will go into the managerial scene fast, with definite and much-reaching effects on managerial group,” they wrote.

6 many years afterwards, it is crystal clear that Leavitt and Whisler were being on to some thing huge. Right now, info technology refers to anything that corporations use computers for. Details technological know-how is constructing communications networks for a enterprise, safeguarding knowledge and details, building and administering databases, assisting workforce troubleshoot troubles with their computer systems or mobile gadgets, or executing a vary of other operate to assure the effectiveness and protection of business facts units.

Information and facts Engineering Examples

When it comes to vocation paths in IT, examples run from tiny consulting corporations to big multinational businesses, and from really technological specialties to administration ladders that desire robust folks competencies. Below are some illustrations of routes you may well decide on:

  • Pc Guidance Expert – These positions have to have a bachelor’s degree and are a superior suit if you love answering inquiries about laptop software package and components, location up products, and instruction pc end users. People in this posture have to have to have a robust grasp of many types of computer software, together with database interface systems, growth of environment instruments and running program computer software. The median yearly shell out for this job is $57,910 in 2021, and positions in this subject are escalating at a 9% development price as a result of 2030, in accordance to BLS.
  • Network and Computer Methods Administrator – This job frequently requires a bachelor’s diploma in a computer-linked industry, however some employers may well only request for an affiliate degree in IT or postsecondary certificate. Possibly way, these work opportunities are frequently obtainable to specialists with no prior work experience in the discipline, and BLS reports that they compensated a median wage of $80,600 in 2021 with a 5% position growth by way of 2030. Day by day tasks in this task could consist of preserving pc community components and computer software, backing up data and troubleshooting network difficulties. To do this operate, you need to have to know how to use databases administration software program, as properly as network checking and internet system improvement resources.
  • Computer Network Architect – This is a phase up the profession ladder for a network administrator and normally involves a bachelor’s diploma and former working experience in the IT subject. Persons in this situation style and establish networks, these as intranets, local location networks (LANs) and huge location networks (WANs). Median fork out for this variety of do the job was $120,520 in 2021 with a 5% position growth via 2030, according to the BLS. Network architects often want to recognize a range of program techniques, which include administration instruments, progress setting program and running technique packages. There’s also frequently an element of human touch to this career because community architects may well need to have to get the job done with consumers and gross sales and marketing staff members to satisfy customer demands and make sure accounts are set up the right way.
  • Database Administrator – This rapidly-growing area consists of protection and protection of info this sort of as financial information and facts and consumer shipping and delivery documents. The work are usually in specialized firms that supply products and services to other providers, or in knowledge-weighty industries like insurance policy. The median shell out for this perform was $98,860 in 2020 with an 8% task progress by way of 2030, according to BLS. Most businesses assume candidates for the jobs to have a bachelor’s diploma in an details- or pc-relevant self-discipline. It is also useful to realize databases management application, as effectively as operating process instruments, advancement natural environment and world-wide-web platform program, and resources for enterprise resource setting up.
  • Pc Systems Analyst – This career, also regarded as system architect, demands an knowledge of both of those IT and business methods. As with numerous details know-how occupations, the common background for the position is a bachelor’s degree in a personal computer or info science subject, but some men and women arrive to this function right after researching business or even liberal arts. Potent pc capabilities, usually which include programming equipment, database management program and development setting software program are a must. At the exact same time, persons doing this operate ought to be equipped to apply pc units to handle business management challenges like workflow, inventory regulate and manufacturing processes. As extra corporations go into cloud computing, function in this place will develop. The median fork out for the career was $99,270 in 2021, in accordance to BLS.
  • Data Security Analyst – This is 1 of the fastest-increasing careers in IT, with an expected 33% maximize by 2030, in accordance to BLS. Gurus in these positions shield business networks and devices from cyber attacks. These jobs normally need a bachelor’s diploma with a personal computer-similar major, additionally some experience in the IT discipline. Experts in this area want to use enhancement atmosphere equipment, as perfectly as network checking and running software package and unique protection instruments. The median wage in this work was $102,600 in 2021, in accordance to BLS.

It is apparent from this record that positions in IT represent significant-spending, quick-increasing job paths. It’s also very clear that the to start with phase toward many of them is earning a bachelor’s degree. In just the greater training context, a computer science degree is mostly targeted on programming and program growth, even though facts technology is the analyze of computer systems and networks as they relate to the operation of a business. Possibly can be the foundation for a wonderful vocation in the industry.

Some college students may possibly also select to focus in particular laptop or computer-associated parts like a cyber stability degree or continue on their education and learning with a master’s degree in IT in a connected industry.

Regardless of your precise path, the environment of chances in IT that Leavitt and Whisler observed rising back in 1958 is still expanding right now, with no conclusion in sight.

Learn additional about SNHU’s bachelor’s in info technological know-how: Uncover out what courses you can expect to consider, expertise you’ll study and how to request information about the program.

Livia Gershon is a freelance author targeted on education and learning and health care.